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New York Neurobehavioral Services

Nicole C. Murray, Psy.D

Clinical Neuropsychologist & Psychotherapist located in Murray Hill, New York, NY

Some children reach adulthood with undiagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), while 30-70% of children who are diagnosed continue to have ADHD symptoms throughout their adult lives. If you’re an adult struggling with ADHD, you’ll find the help you need from Nicole Murray, PsyD, and the team at New York Neuropsychological Services in the Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan. Whether you struggle to maintain attention during meetings, you can’t get organized, or you have other ADHD symptoms, call the New York City office or schedule an appointment online.


What is ADHD?

ADHD is a neurological disorder primarily caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the areas of the brain responsible for activities such as self-regulation and executive function, which is vital for organization, reasoning, and problem solving.

The brain dysfunction caused by ADHD makes it difficult to plan activities, multitask, and regulate your emotions and behaviors. Typically the challenges you face are severe enough to affect your performance at work and to interfere with personal relationships.

What symptoms develop due to ADHD?

ADHD symptoms are broadly categorized as inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Each person has a different range and severity of symptoms, and you may struggle with one or all three categories.

Adults have the same symptoms as children. You may:

  • Have trouble paying attention
  • Have a hard time organizing tasks
  • Fail to pay attention to details
  • Make careless mistakes
  • Find it hard to relax
  • Have a hard time regulating emotions
  • Not follow through on instructions
  • Lose important items frequently
  • Forget daily tasks or miss deadlines
  • Start projects but never finish them

Executive function deficits lead to problems with brain processing speed and working memory. Working memory allows you to hold multiple pieces of information in your head long enough to use them, whether for planning activities, doing calculations, or associating one activity with another.

How do you diagnose and treat ADHD?

ADHD is diagnosed through a clinical interview. Your therapist at New York Neuropsychological Services learns about your history and symptoms and uses questionnaires to assess the severity of your symptoms. Adults also complete a self-report that asks about symptom frequency.

Though neuropsychological testing doesn’t diagnose ADHD, your therapist may recommend an in-depth evaluation of your symptoms indicate significant problems with executive function. The information learned through a neuropsychological assessment can guide treatment decisions. Once you’re diagnosed with ADHD, your treatment may include psychotherapy, medications to improve attention, or both.

The team at New York Neuropsychological Services uses different therapies to teach the skills that can help you with challenges such as time management and organization. Your therapy is individualized to help you develop all the strategies needed to overcome your specific symptoms, whether you need help controlling anger or other emotions, or you need to develop better relationship skills.

Whether you need an assessment and diagnosis or ongoing help with ADHD, call New York Neuropsychological Services or schedule an appointment online.